George Orwell, born as Eric Arthur Blair, was an English novelist and journalist famous for his political commentary and critique. He is best known for his novels 'Animal Farm' and 'Nineteen Eighty-Four', which are considered some of the greatest works of political fiction.

Early Life

Orwell was born in India in 1903 to a colonial civil servant family. His father moved the family back to England when he was just one year old. Orwell's life growing up was marked by poverty and hardship. He attended prestigious schools on scholarships but had to drop out due to lack of funds.


After working several odd jobs, Orwell joined the Imperial Police in Burma where he witnessed firsthand the oppressive nature of British imperialism, a theme that would later feature prominently in his writing. In 1936, he fought on the Republican side during Spanish Civil War against Francisco Franco’s fascist forces and wrote about it in "Homage to Catalonia".

Orwell became a full-time writer after publishing his first book "Down and Out in Paris and London" which chronicled his experiences living among the city's poor people. Some of his other notable works include "Burmese Days", "Keep the Aspidistra Flying" and his political allegories, "Animal Farm" (1945) and "Nineteen Eighty-Four" (1949).

Political Views

Orwell is widely regarded as one of the most influential writers concerning politics during the twentieth century. He was passionately opposed to totalitarianism, believing that it stripped individuals of their fundamental freedoms.

He criticized both left-wing activists for their dogmatic approach as well as right-wing reactionaries for their simplistic view on complex issues.

Personal Life

Orwell married Eileen O'Shaughnessy in 1936 who passed away just a few years later leaving him devastated. The painful experience inspired his novel "1984".

He died of tuberculosis in 1950 at the age of 46, just a year after the publication of "Nineteen Eighty-Four".


Orwell's works continue to be widely read and have been translated into numerous languages. His keen insight into political issues and his commitment to speaking truth to power have made him an important figure in English literature.