James Clerk Maxwell was born on June 13, 1831, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was the only child of John Clerk Maxwell and Frances Cay. His father was a lawyer and his mother came from a wealthy family.


Maxwell received his early education from his mother and had a very strong interest in science from the beginning. At the age of ten, he started attending Edinburgh Academy where he excelled in mathematics.

In 1947, at the age of sixteen, he entered the University of Edinburgh to study mathematics and natural philosophy. Later, he went to Cambridge University where he further studied mathematics.


After completing his studies at Cambridge University, James Clerk Maxwell became a professor of Natural Philosophy at Marischal College in Aberdeen. He continued to work on thermodynamics and electromagnetic theory during this time.

From Marischal College, Maxwell moved to King's College London as a professor of Natural Philosophy where he made significant contributions to electromagnetism with his famous equations known as 'Maxwell's Equations'.

In 1865, Maxwell resigned from King's College London due to health issues but continued working on scientific research until his death.


James Clerk Maxwell died on November 5th with cancer at the young age of fifty-one years old. He is remembered as one of the greatest physicists who ever lived.


In conclusion, James Clerk Maxwell was an extraordinary physicist who made numerous scientific contributions during his lifetime. Although his life was short-lived due to illness at an early age still he will be remembered for centuries by future generations for discovering many fundamental laws related to electromagnetism.