Marie Curie was a Polish-born physicist and chemist who lived from 1867 to 1934. She is known for her groundbreaking research on radioactivity and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. She was also the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, and the first person to win two Nobel Prizes in different fields.

Early Life

Marie Curie, born Maria Skłodowska in Warsaw, Poland, had an early interest in science. Her father was a physics and math teacher, and encouraged her education despite societal expectations for women at the time. In 1891 she left Poland for France to study physics at the Sorbonne University in Paris.

Research on Radioactivity

In her early career Marie studied crystallography, but soon became fascinated by a mysterious new phenomenon: radioactivity. Together with her husband Pierre Curie they conducted research that led to their discovery of polonium and radium. Their efforts resulted in a joint Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903.

The First Woman Nobel Laureate

In 1911 Marie received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry solely for her discovery of radium and its properties. This made her not only the first woman ever awarded a Nobel Prize but also the first person ever honored with two prizes presented by one academy.

Legacy

Not only did Marie Curie make groundbreaking discoveries herself but she paved the way for future generations as well. Marie continued to work tirelessly throughout both world wars - she even personally directed mobile radiography units - all while fighting intimidation from critics who opposed women’s involvement in science.

She passed away due to health complications resulting from long-term exposure to radiation In spite of this tragedy however, Marie’s legacy remains something that will be celebrated far into the future.

Conclusion

Marie Curie left an indelible mark on modern science with her contributions. Her life serves as a testament to the power of human curiosity, perseverance and commitment.