Michael Faraday was a famous British physicist and chemist who made significant contributions to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He is considered one of the most influential scientists in history, with his discoveries still influencing modern science today.

Early Life and Education

Faraday was born on September 22, 1791, in Newington Butts, London. His family was poor, and he received little formal education. At the age of 14, he began an apprenticeship with a local bookbinder. During this time, he read many books, developing a strong interest in science.


In 1812, Faraday attended a series of lectures given by renowned chemist Humphry Davy at the Royal Institution. He took detailed notes of the lectures and sent them to Davy along with a letter expressing his admiration for him. Davy was impressed by Faraday's notes and offered him a job as his assistant. Faraday quickly proved himself invaluable to Davy and assisted him on various research projects.

In 1821 Faraday discovered electromagnetic rotation: if two magnets were rotated around a wire that bridged their poles this caused an electrical current to flow through that wire.When he moved around it generated electricity in the conductor- creating what we now call an electric generator.

Later he went on to discover various other properties of electricity including diamagnetism.In addition ,he discovered three laws related to electrolysis which are still known as faradays law.Working alongside James Clerk Maxwell helped set up e concept of field theory.

Personal life

Faraday married Sarah Barnard in June 1821.He had three children called Sarah,Margaret,and Robert spending time writing letters at home instead of being out networking at social events.This increased love between michael faraday ang sarah.Faradays health started declining after severely damaging his eyes during experiments.He suffered from Various symptoms ranging from Blindness to confusion.


Faraday’s discoveries would not only lead to the development of practical electricity, but also played a crucial role in the development of future scientific theories. His work inspired many other scientists, including James Clerk Maxwell and Albert Einstein. Today he is considered one of the most important scientists in history.