Wilhelm Weber was a German scientist who is known for his significant contributions in the field of physics. He worked on electromagnetism and developed foundational concepts like electromagnetic waves, electrical units like volt and ohm, and other scientific inventions.

Early Life

Wilhelm Eduard Weber was born on October 24, 1804, in Wittenberg, Germany. His father was a professor of theology at the University of Wittenberg. Wilhelm completed his school education from the same city in 1822.


In 1825, he started working as a lecturer at the University of Halle. Later in 1831, he became a physics professor at Leipzig University. In collaboration with Carl Friedrich Gauss, he invented various apparatus to measure electrical quantities accurately.

Weber also conducted groundbreaking researches that led to the development of electromagnetic waves laws and other theories related to electromagnetism.

In collaboration with Rudolf Kohlrausch, Weber established an absolute system for measuring electric units such as volt and ohm. This system made it possible to determine the fundamental constants used until today.

In addition to his work in electromagnetism, Weber also studied acoustics (study of sound), optics (study of light), thermodynamics (study of heat), and mechanics (study of motion).

Personal Life

Wilhelm Weber married Caroline Mitscherlich in 1829. She was the daughter of one his colleagues Karl Mitscherlich. Wilhelm had six children but unfortunately outlived all four sons except Robert Weber who followed his father's footsteps by pursuing a career in physics research.

Wilhelm died on June 23, 1891, due to pneumonia at Göttingen.


Wilhelm's contribution towards understanding electricity was immense that later paved way for technological breakthroughs which changed our world forever i.e., radio transmission-which gave us knowledge about the world beyond our boundaries, and wireless communication-which enabled us to stay connected with people from all over the globe.